https://marinescience.blog.gov.uk/2015/11/06/import-data-fish-fish-eu-england-wales/

Import data: live fish from EU to England and Wales 2013 and 2014

The Fish Health Inspectorate (FHI) Aquatic Trade and Technical Advice (ATTA) team manage all aspects of trade in live fish with other EU territories and report on the figures. We also do the following:

  • give advice to customers
  • authorise importers
  • validate health certificates
  • monitor incoming movements using the TRACES system – which is used by competent authorities within the EU to notify each other that movements are happening
  • issue enforcement actions if required

Overview

In 2013, we handled 270 intra-community movements (within the EU), 198 of which were finfish. This represents  a drop in finfish movements of approximately a third from 2012.

In 2014, there were 404 movements, 286 of which were finfish. Import levels in 2014 therefore returned to those in 2012.

Salmonids

The import trade in salmonid ova halved in 2013 (Table 1), dropping from 9.6 million in 2012 to 5.1 million. However 2014 (Table 2) saw a return to usual levels at 10.6 million.

Table 1. Summary of salmonid ova imported into England and Wales by month for 2013. Figures given in 1000s of ova.

  Country of Origin  
2013 Denmark Isle of Man Norway Northern Ireland Total
January 170 50 2 250 472
February 100 490 0 0 590
March 320 0 0 1,215 1,535
April 0 150 0 0 150
May 625 50 0 0 675
June 0 0 0 200 200
July 0 0 0 50 50
August 0 0 0 0 0
September 0 0 0 150 150
October 0 0 0 820 820
November 100 0 2 64 166
December 250 50 0 0 300
Total 1,565 790 4 2,749 5,108

Table 2. Summary of salmonid ova imported into England and Wales by month for 2014. Figures given in 1000s of ova.

  Country of Origin  
2014 Denmark Isle of Man Norway Northern Ireland Poland Total
January 100 90 156 0 0 346
February 300 31.5 0 0 0 331.5
March 400 225 0 700 0 1,325
April 950 0 0 175 0 1,125
May 830 0 0 0 0 830
June 0 0 0 310 0 310
July 0 0 0 645 0 645
August 450 0 0 0 0 450
September 600 0 0 1,020 0 1,620
October 400 0 0 0 0 400
November 500 50 0 170 0 720
December 0 0 2502 0 15 2,517
Total 4530 396.5 2658 3020 15 10,619.5

In the 6 years between 2009 and 2014, around 10 million ova were usually imported each year, although 2011 and 2013 saw dips to 5 million (Table 3). It is thought this could be an effect of economic issues.

Table 3. Summary of salmonid ova imported into England and Wales from 2009 to 2014. Figures given in 1000s of ova.

Eire Northern Ireland Isle of Man Denmark Norway Poland Total
2009 20 260 2,110 7,553 0 0 9,943
2010 0 0 2,063 8,100 0 0 10,163
2011 0 6 801 4,705 0 0 5,512
2012 0 2,640 2,023 5,000 11.5 0 9,674.5
2013 0 2,749 790 1,565 4 0 5,108
2014 0 3,020 396.5 4,530 2,502 15 10,463.5
Total 20 8,675 8,183.5 31,453 2,517.5 15

Very few salmonids are imported as fry or older fish due to the requirement for additional health certification for Gyrodactylus salaris (Gs).

Other VHS and IHN susceptible species

Trade in other VHS and IHN susceptible species remains predominantly live farmed turbot for the table. This trade also follows the trend of a dip in 2013, although not as substantial, with a return to 2012 levels in 2014 (Table 4).

Table 4. Summary of live turbot (VHS and IHN susceptible) imports into England and Wales from the EU by month for 2012 to 2014. Figures are given in Kg.

2012 2013 2014
January 1,123 926 913
February 1,012 842 629
March 925.5 837 640
April 926.3 744 1,030
May 814.6 807 1,182
June 1023 632 1,116
July 820 943 1,347
August 1,198.6 735 820
September 1,003 631 1,012
October 1,011 1,045 1,310
November 906.5 628 1,063
December 511 724 1,185
Totals 11,274.5 9,494 12,247
Graph showing imports of Turbot into England and Wales
Imports of live Turbot into England and Wales over the last 3 years from the European Union

SVC susceptible species

The trade in SVC susceptible species(such as goldfish and tench) from within the EU remains in decline and unlike most other species did not increase in 2014. Instead 2014 saw imports 40% lower than in 2012 (Table 5).

Table 5. SVC susceptible species imports into England and Wales from the EU by month from 2012 to 2014. Figures in 1000s of fish.

2012 2013 2014
January 20 7 6
February 14 20 19
March 39 8.9 18.5
April 17 16 13
May 37 7 25
June 32 25.25 33
July 35 50 4
August 30 12 16
September 16 38 0
October 4 0 8.7
November 0 8 0
December 0 0 0
Total 244 192.15 143.2
Graph of imports of SVC susceptible species into England and Wales
Imports of SVC susceptible species into England and Wales over the last 3 years from the European Union

Sturgeon

Sturgeon remain popular in the ornamental trade and imports followed the general trend with levels dropping in 2013 before recovering in 2014 - to around 45,000 fish. There is also growing interest in these species for the human consumption market.

Strict import conditions apply to sturgeon species, as they are vector species for both IHN and VHS. We therefore recommend that you contact the FHI for advice if you plan to import them. We can also advise on non-native species controls affecting the use of these species in Great Britain.

For more information regarding aquatic animal import data please contact me.

For updates, please sign up to email alerts from this blog, or you can follow us on Twitter @CefasGovUK.

Share this page